Egeria Community Guide
This project welcomes contributors from any organization or background, provided they are willing to follow the simple processes outlined below, as well as adhere to the Code of Conduct.
Steps to contribute
- Review the developer guidelines.
- Open an issue on GitHub to cover the proposed change (you may need to create an account on GitHub first).
- Clone the repository and prepare your contribution in a new git branch (see Using git to prepare a contribution).
- As you commit your changes, make sure they are signed (see Why the DCO?).
- Issue a git pull request from GitHub to initiate the review.
- Wait for a maintainer to review and approve the commit.
Important additional setup for Windows users
If using git on windows, it is essential to configure long pathname support, since otherwise the git clone, and other git operations on Egeria will fail.
Ensure you have a current version of git installed (for example 2.17 or above), and in an Elevated command prompt run:
git config --system core.longpaths true
For more detail see this article.
This is not required on MacOS or Linux.
Creating a Linux Foundation account and creating an issue
The Linux Foundation provide build and distribution facilities. You need an account to access some of the reports from the build.
This is the link to create a Linux Foundation account. Note the username and password you selected.
Using git to prepare a contribution
The Egeria content is located in git at https://github.com/odpi/egeria.
Whilst project maintainers are able to directly work with the Egeria repository, as an open source project we recommend use of the GitHub’s fork and pull model, which will support contributions from anyone without requiring direct write access to the Egeria repository.
Creating a fork
If you are intending to contribute code rather than browse, the easiest way to prepare a contribution is to start off by creating a fork of the Egeria repository.
This can be done by navigating the the Egeria URL above, and logging into the github UI with a registered account. You will then see a ‘Fork’ button at the top right, and should click this to create your own fork to work with Egeria.
This needs doing only once.
Creating a local copy of the code
To create a copy of the code on your machine enter the following in a new directory. Replace
USER with your GitHub userId.
$ git clone https://github.com/USER/egeria.git $ cd egeria
The git clone command creates a new directory called
egeria containing the Egeria content.
It is recommended not to make any changes to master, other than pulling from upstream (the master Egeria project) but just to use for reference and as a basis for branching.
You should also set the upstream repository to connect your fork to the main Egeria repository:
$ git remote add upstream https://github.com/odpi/egeria.git
Creating a branch for your work
Always create a branch for each distinct set of changes. This keeps the commit history pushed to Egeria clean, and makes reviews of the code much easier. Since GitHub manages pull requests on a branch basis it is also a way to be able to easily rework, by updating a change later before it has been incorporated back into the main Egeria code.
First update your copy of master and push to your github fork
$ git checkout master $ git pull upstream master $ git push
Once you have the latest code on your machine, create a branch for your changes. The commands below set up a branch called “example-branch” based off of master, and also push it back to your personal fork:
$ git checkout -b example-branch master $ git push origin example-branch
When you create your own branch, use a name that describes that the branch is for as you will use it for all changes you are collecting together to push as one group to Egeria.
You can also see that ‘origin’ will point to your GitHub fork, whilst ‘upstream’ points to the Egeria master branch:
$ git remote -v origin https://github.com/USER/egeria (fetch) origin https://github.com/USER/egeria (push) upstream https://github.com/odpi/egeria.git (fetch) upstream https://github.com/odpi/egeria.git (push)
Working with the Egeria code in your personal environment
Now you can make your changes to the content.
Once this is complete,
git status command to verify all of your changes are
included. This will list any files that have been changed, but not included
for git control. Use
git add to add all of the files you want included.
$ git status On branch example-branch Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) new-file.java $ git add new-file.java $ git status On branch example-branch Changes to be committed: (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage) new file: new-file.java
You can now commit changes to your local repository, making sure
to use the
-s option to sign your changes (see Why the DCO?)
-m option to provide a useful commit message. In the message you can
make use of special strings to
directly link to GitHub
issues. By doing this others following the issue will see the commits to your fork
easily so can track the work going on even before you submit to the egeria repository.
It is also essential to push the changes from your local machine up to GitHub ready for the next step - note this references GitHub issues, also read the section on JIRA:
$ git commit -s -m 'Best code change ever as per Issue #1433' $ git push
If you think there is ongoing work in a similar area to that of your changes, you may find it useful to pull the latest master code prior to completing your changes ie
$ git pull upstream master
and then making any necessary changes to merge conflicts, and commit/push as above.
Creating a pull request
The easiest way to create a pull request is by navigating to your local fork of the Egeria repository eg.
https://github.com/USER/egeria, selecting your working branch, and clicking on ‘pull request’. Add an explanation and links to any JIRA or GitHub Issues, and then submit to the Egeria maintainers for review and inclusion in the code.
Further changes can be done using the same branch, and will be added to the same pull request automatically.
Once all work has been completed, including changes appearing in master, only then can your temporary branch be deleted:
$ git branch -d example-branch $ git push -d origin example-branch
You may need to use
-D if not all changes are merged, but check carefully!
Additional git tips
If you are working locally, and realise you have accidentally been making changes on master instead of another branch:
$ git stash $ git checkout -b correct-branch $ git stash pop
Messed up your master branch?
$ git checkout master $ git fetch upstream $ git reset --hard HEAD $ git push
Correct your last commit
$ git commit --amend -s -m "New commit message"
View recent changes
$ git log
View recent changes in a prettier way:
$ git log --pretty=format:"%h %ad | %s%d [%an]" --graph --date=short
Take a fix you have pushed to a different branch (perhaps a top-level pom change, or something else you need) and apply it to your current branch:
$ git cherry-pick <commit-id>
Why the DCO?
We have tried to make it as easy as possible to make contributions. This applies to how we handle the legal aspects of contribution.
We simply ask that when submitting a patch for review, the developer must include a sign-off statement in the commit message. This is the same approach that the Linux® Kernel community uses to manage code contributions.
Here is an example Signed-off-by line, which indicates that the submitter accepts the DCO:
Signed-off-by: John Doe <firstname.lastname@example.org>
You can include this automatically when you commit a change to your local git repository using
$ git commit -s
By signing your work, you are confirming that the origin of the content makes it suitable to add to this project. See Developer Certificate of Origin (DCO).
License: CC BY 4.0, Copyright Contributors to the ODPi Egeria project.